Updates? Mrs. Wagner passed away in 1919, and Justice Wagner never remarried. Later that year he was admitted to the bar and opened a practice. Highlights of just a few of the many successes of sharing memories about the people important to us on AncientFaces. In that same year he was elected to the New York State Assembly and remained there until 1941, when he entered the U.S. Air Force. He has a sister, Mary. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Robert Ferdinand Wagner II (April 20, 1910 – February 12, 1991) was an American politician who served three terms as the mayor of New York City, from 1954 through 1965. He resigned on June 28, 1949, due to ill health. In the Senate, Robert F. Wagner, Edward P. Costigan, and Robert M. La Follette, Jr. were promoting public works legislation, and Hugo Black was pushing short-work-week legislation. Highlights of just a few of the many successes of sharing memories about the people important to us on AncientFaces. We know that Robert F Wagner had been residing in New York, New York County, New York 10021. Robert Ferdinand Wagner I (June 8, 1877 – May 4, 1953) was an American politician. He was unable to attend any sessions of the 80th or 81st Congress from 1947 to 1949 because of a heart ailment. Tamiment Library & Wagner Labor Archives. Four years later he was elected to the state senate. He became a lawyer in 1900 and served in the New … Robert F Wagner died on February 12, 1991 at 80 years of age. Success Stories from Biographies like Robert F Wagner. He was raised as a Lutheran, but he became a Methodist in his college years and taught Sunday school; he converted to Roman Catholicism in 1946.[5]. The terms of about…, Social Security Act, (August 14, 1935), original U.S. legislation establishing a permanent national old-age pension system through employer and employee contributions; the system was later extended to include dependents, the disabled, and other groups. From 1919 to 1926 Wagner served as a justice of the New York Supreme Court. "Robert Wagner, 80, Pivotal New York Mayor, Dies". Retrieved March 17, 2010. His family moved to Los Angeles when he was seven. Dictionary of American Biography. As the New Deal lost momentum, Wagner persisted. Robert F. Wagner was born in Nastätten, Germany, on June 8, 1877, into a staunch Lutheran family, the youngest of nine children. Biography . [3] Wagner left the senate in 1918, and served as a justice of the New York Supreme Court until his election to the Senate in 1926. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Robert Ferdinand Wagner II (April 20, 1910 – February 12, 1991), usually known as Robert F. Wagner, Jr. served three terms as the mayor of New York City, from 1954 through 1965. When running for his third term, he broke with the Tammany Hall leadership, ending the reign of clubhouse bosses in city politics. Wagner was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Conventions of 1915 and 1938 and a justice of the New York Supreme Court from 1919 to 1926. Robert Ferdinand Wagner was born in Nastatten, Prussia, German Empire on 8 June 1877, and his family came to the United States in 1885. Robert F. Wagner, in full Robert Ferdinand Wagner, (born June 8, 1877, Nastätten, Hesse-Nassau, Germany—died May 4, 1953, New York, New York, U.S.), U.S. senator and leading architect of the modern welfare state. From reuniting lost or 'orphan' photos with their families, seeing the faces of relatives for the first time, to connecting unknown and lost family. Robert Ferdinand Wagner I (June 8, 1877 – May 4, 1953) was an American politician. It created the National Labor Relations Board, which mediated disputes between unions and corporations, and greatly expanded the rights of workers by banning many "unfair labor practices" and guaranteeing all workers the right to form a union. They built a coalition for these reforms that embraced unions, social workers, some businessmen, and numerous middle-class activists and civic reform organizations across the state. He was a member of the New York State Senate (16th D.) from 1909 to 1918, sitting in the 132nd, 133rd, 134th, 135th, 136th, 137th, 138th, 139th, 140th and 141st New York State Legislatures. His grandson, Robert (Bobby) Ferdinand Wagner III, was a Deputy Mayor, Director Urban Planning Commission and President of the New York City Board of Education in the 80s and 90s. Robert Ferdinand Wagner was born in Nastatten, Prussia, German Empire on 8 June 1877, and his family came to the United States in 1885. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. During his first term Wagner introduced legislation to assist labour and the unemployed, but his initiatives were rebuffed. He was married to Phyllis Fraser, Barbara Joan Cavanagh and Susan Edwards.He died on February 12, 1991 in Manhattan, New York City, New York. Aug 15, 2017. Working closely with fellow New York City Democrat Al Smith, Wagner and Smith embraced reform, especially to the benefit of their core constituency, the working class. He was very involved in labor issues, fought for legal protection and rights for workers, and was a leader in crafting the New Deal. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [2] His family settled in New York City's Yorkville neighborhood, and Wagner attended the public schools. When running for his third term, he broke with the Tammany Hall leadership, ending the reign of clubhouse bosses in city politics. Robert Wagner's paternal grandparents were from Germany and his maternal grandparents were Norwegian. He was a Democratic U.S. They had one son. Senator Robert Wagner of New York (1877-1953) authored sweeping legislation that dramatically changed the American social and economic landscape. Many had to be released in a few weeks and only 3 guns were found in their homes. Senator from New York from 1927 to 1949. He also co-sponsored with Representative Edith Rogers (R-Mass.) His son, Robert F. Wagner, Jr., was Mayor of New York City from 1954 to 1965. Young Robert attended a public school in New York and the Taft School in Watertown, CT, and received his law degree from Yale Law School in 1937. In 1914, while Wagner remained President pro tempore, John F. Murtaugh was chosen Majority Leader of the State Senate. He presented national health care and anti-lynching legislation, but both measures failed to gain passage. GALE|BT2310001400. Justice Wagner married Margaret Marie McTague Wagner in 1908 and they had one son, Robert F. Wagner, Jr., who later became Mayor of New York City. Not until the advent of the New Deal did Wagner’s legislative proposals become law. Hans søn var Robert F. Wagner, Jr., som var borgmester i New York fra 1954 til 1965. The Senate is one of the two houses of the bicameral United States Congress, established in 1789 by the Constitution of the United States. Robert Ferdinand Wagner II, usually known as Robert F. Wagner, Jr. (April 20, 1910 – February 12, 1991) served three terms as the mayor of New York City, from 1954 through 1965. Robert F. Wagner - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia A committee, including David Dubinsky, Robert Wagner, and Jacob Potofsky, meet at City Hall to settle the New York Teacher's dispute. In 1920, in the year that Robert F Wagner was born, on January 1, over 6000 people were arrested and put in prison because they were suspected of being communists. Starting as a ward heeler for Tammany Hall, he moved up the ranks until in 1904 he won a seat in the New York State Assembly. After the Supreme Court ruled the National Industrial Recovery Act and the National Recovery Administration unconstitutional, Wagner helped pass the National Labor Relations Act (also known as the Wagner Act) in 1935,[11] a similar but much more expansive bill. They started with the issue of fire safety and moved on to broader issues of the risks of injury in the factory environment. Success Stories from Biographies like Robert F. Wagner Created on Jun 04, 2020 by Daniel Pinna Highlights of just a few of the many successes of sharing memories about the … Robert Ferdinand Wagner (8 June 1877-4 May 1953) was a US Senator from New York from 4 March 1927 to 28 June 1949 (succeeding James W. Wadsworth Jr. and preceding John Foster Dulles). Robert F. Wagner, in full Robert Ferdinand Wagner, (born June 8, 1877, Nastätten, Hesse-Nassau, Germany—died May 4, 1953, New York, New York, U.S.), U.S. senator and leading architect of the modern welfare state. Robert Ferdinand Wagner (1877-1953) was probably the most effective legislative leader in the history of the U.S. Senate and one of the principal architects of modern American political liberalism. When running for his third term, he broke with the Tammany Hall leadership, ending the reign of clubhouse bosses in city politics. He died on May 4, 1953, in New York City, and was interred in Calvary Cemetery, Queens. Working closely in the state legislature with fellow New York City Democrat Al Smith, Wagner embraced reform in the 1910s and 1920s, especially to the benefit of their core constituency, the working class. Portraits of this group of Senators, known as the "Famous Five", were unveiled on March 12, 1959. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Robert-F-Wagner-mayor-of-New-York-City In 1937 the Wagner-Steagall Act created the United States Housing Authority, an agency to provide loans for low-cost public housing. Robert Ferdinand Wagner (8 June 1877-4 May 1953) was a US Senator from New York from 4 March 1927 to 28 June 1949 (succeeding James W. Wadsworth Jr. and preceding John Foster Dulles). The National Labor Relations Act, perhaps Wagner's greatest achievement, was a seminal event in the history of organized labor in the United States. For other uses, see, Portrait of Wagner in the U.S. Senate Reception Room, J. Joseph. There were 18 lynchings of blacks in the South in 1935, but after the threat of federal legislation, the number fell to eight in 1936 and to two in 1939. He is the son of Hazel Alvera (née Boe), a telephone operator, and Robert John Wagner Sr., a traveling salesman who worked for the Ford Motor Company. He also introduced the Railway Pension Law and cosponsored the Wagner-O'Day Act, the predecessor to the Javits-Wagner-O'Day Act. He sponsored three major laws: the National Labor Relations Act of 1935, the Social Security Act of 1935, and the Housing Act of 1937. Tamiment Library & Wagner Labor Archives. His son, Robert F. Wagner, Jr., was Mayor of New York City from 1954 to 1965. Media in category "Robert F. Wagner" The following 23 files are in this category, out of 23 total. From reuniting lost or 'orphan' photos with their families, seeing the faces of relatives for the first time, to connecting unknown and lost family. Success Stories from Biographies like Robert F Wagner. 1. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). More successful were his drives to expand housing and social security programs, and in 1945 a weakened version of his full-employment bill became law. He was buried in Calvary Cemetery, Woodside, New York. He was born on April 20, 1910. In April 1943, a confidential analysis by British scholar Isaiah Berlin of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee for the British Foreign Office stated of Wagner: His most important legislative achievements include the National Industrial Recovery Act in 1933 and the Wagner-Steagall Housing Act of 1937. Wagner, who had known the future President when they were in the New York state legislature together, was a member of Franklin Roosevelt's Brain Trust. As chairman of the New York Assembly State Factory Investigation Committee from 1911 to 1915, he had investigated the tragic Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire and other industrial hazards. Senator Robert F. Wagner Houses, also known as Triborough Houses, is a public housing development in the East Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan, in New York City and is administered by the New York City Housing Authority.It is located east of Second Avenue in the northeast corner of Manhattan, consists of fourteen 16-story buildings and eight 7-story buildings, a total of 22 buildings. Wagner was named for his father, a U.S. senator and sponsor of the Social Security Act. After the Democrats lost their Senate majority, Wagner was Senate Minority Leader from January 1915 until he retired in 1918. Feb 20, 2018. Robert F. Wagner Jr. (deputy mayor) Robert Ferdinand Wagner III (January 6, 1944 – November 15, 1993, aged 49) was an American politician and public servant. Robert F. Wagner, in full Robert Ferdinand Wagner, Jr., (born April 20, 1910, New York, New York, U.S.—died February 12, 1991, New York), American Democratic Party politician and mayor of New York City (1954–65). Mini Bio (1) Robert F. Wagner was born on April 20, 1910 in New York, USA as Robert Ferdinand Wagner Jr. His grandson, Robert (Bobby) Ferdinand Wagner III, was a Deputy Mayor, Director Urban Planning Commission and President of the New York City Board of Education in the 80s and 90s. Gale Biography In Context. Success Stories from Biographies like Robert F. Wagner. (subscription required) On September 14, 2004, a portrait of Wagner, along with one of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, was unveiled in the Senate Reception Room. In 1908, Wagner married Margaret Marie McTague, who died in 1919. Senator from New York from 1927 to 1949. Wagner was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1926 and re-elected in 1932, 1938, and 1944. In 1935, attempts were made to persuade President Roosevelt to support the Costigan-Wagner Bill. Senator from New York from 1927 to 1949. Each state elects two senators for six-year terms. In the aftermath of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, he was Chairman of the State Factory Investigating Committee (1911–1915). Omissions? They held a series of widely publicized investigations around the state, interviewing 222 witnesses and taking 3500 pages of testimony. The Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives collects material in all formats documenting the history of labor, the Left, political radicalism, and social movements in the United States, with particular strengths in communism, anarchism, and socialism. He graduated from the College of the City of New York (now named City College) in 1898 where he was a brother of Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity and from New York Law School in 1900. Responding to the economic impact of the Great…. He was a Democratic U.S. In the process, they changed Tammany's reputation from mere corruption to progressive endeavors to help workers.[6][7][8]. 1977. In 1942 Wagner married Susan Edwards of Greenwich, CT. After the war, Wagner, with the backing of the Demo… He was President pro tempore of the New York State Senate from 1911 to 1914, and became Acting Lieutenant Governor of New York after the impeachment of Governor William Sulzer, and the succession of Lieutenant Governor Martin H. Glynn to the governorship. Wagner was born on February 10, 1930, in Detroit, Michigan. Wagner and Edward P. Costigan sponsored a federal anti-lynching law. He was married to Phyllis Fraser, Barbara Joan Cavanagh and Susan Edwards. Born in Prussia, Wagner migrated with his family to the United States in 1885. [9] Wagner was the Chairman of the Committee on Patents in the 73rd Congress, of the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys in the 73rd and 74th Congresses, and of the Committee on Banking and Currency in the 75th through 79th Congresses. ^ "Robert Ferdinand Wagner". Refused to support the Bill for fear of alienating Southern Democrats in Congress and losing their support for New Coalition. 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