See Matthew 13:49; Matthew 21:44; Matthew 25:30; 2 Thessalonians 1:8-10. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Luke 19:1-10 EXEGESIS: PARALLEL STORIES: There are a number of parallels between the story of Zacchaeus and the call of Levi (Luke 5:27-32; Mark 2:13-17): • Both Levi and Zacchaeus are tax collectors. 27. “Take heed to yourselves. Some people have more intelligence or talent or money than others. Luke 19:11-27 Commentary The Parable of the Ten Minas 11 While they were listening to this, he went on to tell them a parable, because he was near Jerusalem and the people thought that the kingdom of God was going to appear at once. In order then that we may preserve our composure in the midst of troubles, Christ informs us that he will return, and that at his coming he will punish wicked rebellion. Luke 2:1-20 is among the most familiar in scripture. Luke 19:27. Then Jesus entered and passed through Jericho.Now behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus who was a chief tax collector, and he was rich.And he sought to see who Jesus was, but could not because of the crowd, for he was of short stature. This concept is not popular in some circles today, but it is a biblical concept. . 13 So he called ten of his servants and gave them ten minas. They squash any hint of rebellion. Spiritually, it represents, in bold figures drawn from the acts of tyrant kings, the ultimate victory of the Christ over the unbelieving and rebellious. Jesus was not going to begin His reign as Messiah immediately. (Luke 19:27) Moreover, these enemies of mine that did not want me to become king over them BRING here and slaughter them before me.’” Since Christians were never authorized to judge matters outside the congregation, Paul could not have meant that he and his associates would take it upon themselves to inflict punishment on disobedient ones in the world as a whole. Zacchaeus the Tax Collector - Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through. Free shipping . It did not seem strange to those who heard the parable; for such vengeance was then only too common. Luke 2: A Commentary on the Gospel of Luke 9:51-19:27 (Hermeneia) (Hermeneia: a Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible) [Francois Bovon, Helmut Koester] on Amazon.com. "...Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and [of] the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. This parable teaches that everyone is accountable to God, and everyone will receive what he or she deserves from the King. The nobles in Jesus's day were the Romans and whosoever they appointed to Govern Judea. This judgment will come after Jesus returns and rewards believers at the Second Coming. Read Luke 19:27 commentary using Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. 25 (And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten pounds.) ., 1:161. One day he will render judgment. Luke 19:27.But those my enemies In this second part, he appears to glance principally at the Jews, but includes all who in the absence of their master, determine to revolt. It may indeed be. Two of them take the risk of investing their masters money. ( Mark 14:25; Luke 22:29+30)  The fact of the matter is that the nobleman could be anyone but Jesus, because Jesus does not command his disciples to kill anyone. Luke 19:27. , for the rest, winding up the transactions at the commencement of the king’s reign.— : barbarous, but true to Eastern life; the new king cannot afford to let them live. They correspond to unbelievers in Jesus. [Note: Tannehill, The Narrative . (1-4) Zacchaeus climbs a tree and risks ridicule to see Jesus. One of the reasons for this miss-interpretation of Luke 19:27 is because the opponents of Christianity have a habit of disregarding the context of the verses they cite. Sylla, the Roman dictator, ordered a general massacre on his return from exile. • … If your brother sins against you, rebuke him; and if he repents, forgive him. Neither did they carry out this alleged command of Christ, did you ever wondered why? This strong expression sets forth the hopelessness and severity of the punishment which shall fall upon those who oppose Christ as King. "-Romans 10:9+10. Sylla, the Roman dictator, ordered a general massacre on his return from exile. A man was there by the name of Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was wealthy. 24 And he said unto them that stood by, Take from him the pound, and give it to him that hath ten pounds. on StudyLight.org Of all the lections assigned to me by WorkingPreacher.org, this, by far, is the hardest. 27.Mine enemies—Vengeance upon enemies of the opposite party was anciently of the most terrible kind, when some banished prince or political leader was restored to power. Did not Jesus make this statement? [Note: E.g, Luce, p297.] It is because Jesus did not direct them to do so,  because he was reciting not his words but the words of a character in his Parable of the Pounds. This shows the doom of all who will not permit the Lord to be their King. These were the enemies who opposed his rule over them ( Luke 19:14), not his servants. Jesus’ final journey to Jerusalem unfolds over many chapters in Luke, from 9:51 when Jesus “sets his face” to go to Jerusalem, until 9:28 when Jesus finally “goes up” to Jerusalem. "-Matthew 5:43-45. If your brother sins against you, rebuke him: When someone sins against you, you s… Luke 19:27 27 But r as for these enemies of mine , who did not want me to reign over them , bring them here and a slaughter them before me .’ Read more Share Copy But those mine enemies, &c. — Having thus inquired into the conduct of his servants, and treated them according to the different use they made of what had been intrusted with them, he then proceeded to pass sentence on his rebellious citizens, who had refused to have him for their king; and with a just resentment of their base ingratitude, he commanded them to be brought thither immediately, and slain in his presence, that others might learn a more dutiful submission by the execution of these rebels. The manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal, 1 Corinthians 12:7. In the prison, and elsewhere as I understand it, there is an expression that is used which is interesting. If a … slay them = cut them down. Now Christ’s intention was, not only to terrify such persons by threatening an awful punishment, but also to keep his own people in faithful subjection; for it was no small temptation to see the kingdom of God scattered by the treachery and rebellion of many. Wars, ii. Study the bible online using commentary on Luke 19:27 and more! Exactly how the people who rejected the master's reign relate to the slave who did not act, is uncertain. The disciples knew that Jesus was just telling a story, not giving a command to be followed. We know the difficulties. The parable of the Talents that is found in the Gospel of Matthew, Chapter 25, emphasizes stewardship. One day he will render judgment. But = But as for. Luke 19:27 STU XRF TSK ... Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (27) But those mine enemies.--This feature of the parable is peculiar to St. Luke's report. The parable of the minas teaches that God gives all His servants the same opportunity to invest for His glory. That journey came to an end at 19:27. Luke 19:27 - But these enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, bring them here and slay them in my presence.' In the spiritual sphere the slaying will be done by the moral order of the world (destruction of the Jewish state), King Jesus weeping over their fate. It was my joy and privilege to pick him up and take him to the airport. This repudiation is emphasized in the story of the throne claimant [ Luke 19:14; Luke 19:27], an addition to the parable of the pounds found only in Luke." Of course this is taken out of context and miss-interpreted. ... Luke 2 : A Commentary on the Gospel of Luke 9:51-19:27, Hardcover by Bovon, F... $79.38. and Louis XVIII. Motive must not be transferred from the parable to the application. So how can we Christians explain this command of Jesus, to kill those who would not be ruled by him? By Francois Bovon Luke 2: A Commentary on the Gospel of Luke 9:51-19:27 (Hermeneia) (Hermeneia: a Critical and Histori [Hardcover] [FrancoisBovon] on Amazon.com. In view of what lies ahead for us we need to be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord knowing that our labor is not in vain in the Lord ( 1 Corinthians 15:58). [Note: Bock, Luke, p488.]. "We are all accountable to God for how we conduct our journey through his world. And in modern times, restorations like those of Charles II. Commentary on Luke 19:11-27 (Read Luke 19:11-27) This parable is like that of the talents, Matthew 25. Luke 19:27. would not = were unwilling. They would not only lose a reward but their very lives. Slay them before me. Which is understandable because of the similarity between the nobleman actions and Jesus's claims: The nobleman goes to receive a kingdom, likewise Jesus said that he was on his way to receive a kingdom of his Father in heaven. Slay them before me; an emblem of the ruin which would come on his persevering opposers. [Note: Tannehill, The Narrative . ], "We are all accountable to God for how we conduct our journey through his world. But that does not seem to be the chief design of the passage; it more especially relates to the far more terrible execution which shall be done on all impenitent sinners in the great day, when the faithful servants of Christ shall be rewarded. Luke Commentary The Gospel According to St Luke - Detailed Index to Vol 2 Spurgeon has these comment on Godet : Dr. Meyer says: “To an immense erudition, to a living piety, Godet unites a profound feeling of reality; there is here a vivifying breath, an ardent love for the Saviour, which helps the disciple to comprehend the work, the acts, the words of his Divine Master.” Salvation does not depend on working for God but resting in what Jesus Christ has done. Sproul's personal favorite. Matthew 22:37-40, "This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you.". This parable clarifies that while salvation and entrance into the kingdom come by faith in Jesus, rewards for service rest on the believer"s works. Rewards do not depend on resting in what Jesus Christ has done but on working for God. That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. But divine justice may be justly more terrible than the most terrible of human vengeance. After three false starts, all scrapped, I’m tempted to concede defeat. A list of the best commentaries on Luke ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. and is followed by Jesus heading to Jerusalem. There are not as many great commentaries on Luke as there are on Matthew or John, but there are some. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. GOSPEL OF LUKE, NEW INTERNATIONAL COMMENTARY ON NEW TESTAMENT By Norval Geldenhuys - Hardcover *Excellent Condition*. This parable ends the long part of Luke"s Gospel that deals with Jesus" ministry as He traveled to Jerusalem from Galilee ( Luke 9:51 to Luke 19:27). Jesus was, in many peoples eyes as a carpenter's adopted son, although he was qualified to be a king of Israel, for he was an descendant of King David. Jesus through the teaching of this parable was making his disciples understand what rulers do when they take over a dominion, they eliminate their enemies. But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me. First of all, if you notice the disciples were not a military group. So he ran ahead and climbed a sycamore-fig tree to see him, since Jesus was coming that way. • Jesus has dinner with both. Both salvation and rewards come as a result of God"s grace. To us it is a figure, first, of the punishment which fell upon Jerusalem; and secondly, of punishment, which is to follow the final judgment. A rich and soon to be powerful nobleman goes on an extended trip to be crowned king. (697), But these enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, bring them here and slay them in my presence. Greek. I can’t, because you, dear preachers, haven’t that luxury. Luke reminded us frequently along the way that Jesus was going to Jerusalem (9:51, Thus the parable has a primary application to the disciples and the Jewish nation, and then a wider one to the Christian ministry in general and the opposing world. One of the reasons for this miss-interpretation of Luke 19:27 is because the opponents of Christianity have a habit of disregarding the context of the verses they cite. Of the four Gospels, Luke is R.C. He told me that he had signed up to umpire an incredible number of baseball games in his last three days, somewhere between 8 and 13 as I recall. (27) But those mine enemies.—This feature of the parable is peculiar to St. Luke’s report. The disciples never took the instruction as a command to slay anyone that refused to be ruled by Jesus. And no wonder, considering how pregnant with the life of the world are those scenes of majesty and meekness, of grace and glory, of patience and power, of death, with elements of unutterable anguish, and life, with issues in its bosom inconceivably glorious. It will be seen, from the parallels, that we are now coming to those scenes of which we have the concurrent records of all the Four Evangelists. It is a misunderstanding of Scriptural revelation to conclude that because God has saved us by His grace we need do nothing but lie back and wait for heaven. And in modern times, restorations like those of Charles II. By Francois Bovon Luke 2: A Commentary on the Gospel of Luke 9:51-19:27 (Hermeneia) (Hermeneia: a Critical and Histori [Hardcover] We refer the entire application of this parable to the final judgment. But such a suiting of the parable to their cases is simply transferring, not interpreting the meaning. They earn handsom… In his absence, he assigns three of his servants to invest his money. App-102. Gospel of Luke Commentary St. Ambrose of Milan Commentary on Luke Prologue Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18 Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 24 The emphasis of the two parables is different from each other however. [Note: See Pagenkemper, pp194-98.] Everyone has only one life. Luke"s narrative highlighted Jesus" lessons to the multitudes and the disciples in view of His impending passion. Luke 19:12-27 New International Version (NIV). It may indeed be made to suit the destruction of Jerusalem, or any other judgment in history, just so far as such judgment is analogous. During His absence His servants, believing disciples, need to invest what God has given them for His glory. And if he sins against you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day returns to you, saying, ‘I repent,’ you shall forgive him.” a. If you don't obey and serve God and accept Jesus Christ as your savior - instead of being slain - you will suffer eternal-damnation.. Luke 19:27 Context. The word κατασφαξατε, here rendered slay them, properly signifies, slay them with the sword, and seems first to refer to the dreadful slaughter of the impenitent Jews, by the sword of each other and of the Romans. resulted in severe executions and retributions. "-John 1:12. It is the longest of the four Gospels and the only one whose author wrote a sequel (Acts). The context of the verse is preceded by the parable of the pounds, which is very similar to the parable of the talents. "..That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. Posttribulationists usually view it similarly to pretribulationists. Commentary on Luke 20:20-26 (Read Luke 20:20-26) Those who are most crafty in their designs against Christ and his gospel, cannot hide them. People's Commentary (NT) Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) Scofield: Definitions: Interlinear: Library: Topical Studies: X-References: Verse Comparison: Luke 19:27. The context of the verse is preceded by the parable of the pounds, which is very similar to the parable of the talents. They who will not have Him to reign over them will learn that He does reign, and having shut Love out, will themselves be shut out from Love. He did not give a direct answer, but reproved them for offering to impose upon him; and they could not fasten upon any thing wherewith to stir up either the governor or the people against him. He will reward them in proportion to what they have produced for Him. Luke 2: A Commentary on the Gospel of Luke 9:51-19:27 (Hermeneia) (Hermeneia: a Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible) Jesus was regarded neither as a ruler or even a nobleman. He will then also slay His enemies (cf. katasphazo. But ( = but in addition to this sentence) these mine enemies. My friend Chuck was just released from prison. The teaching of the parable is quite clear. Physical death in the parable represents spiritual death in reality. [] ‘Put this money to work,’ he said, ‘until I come back.�14 “But his subjects hated him and sent a delegation after him to say, ‘We don’t want this man to be our рушение Иерусалима (см. But such a suiting of the parable to their cases is simply transferring, not interpreting the meaning. They suffered a fate that was typical for such rebels in the ancient world. Luke 2 : a commentary on the Gospel of Luke 9:51-19:27 Item Preview remove-circle ... Bovon's magisterial commentary on the Gospel of Luke is justly renowned for its combination of judicious historical and literary treatment of the Evangelist's context and for its theological sensitivity. and Louis XVIII. As we visited in the past few days, Chuck told me about some of the things which he did, and which his friends did, knowing his time was short. ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, which would not that I should reign over them, But these mine enemies, that would not that I should reign over them bring hither, and slay them before me, —Vengeance upon enemies of the opposite party was anciently of the most terrible kind, when some banished prince or political leader was restored to power. Those that are called to Christ, he furnishes with gifts needful for their business; and from those to whom he gives power, he expects service. Redundantly, Luke 19:27 parallels what eternal-salvation or eternal-damnation is about. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What can one say that does not … Continue reading "Commentary on Luke 2:[1-7] 8-20" John 5:22; Acts 17:31). 12 He said: "A man of noble birth went to a distant country to have himself appointed king and then to return. (Comp. 12 He said: “A man of noble birth went to a distant country to have himself appointed king and then to return. They were not equipped to make war or fight. . But divine justice may be justly more terrible than the most terrible of human vengeance. "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: And the second [is] like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. We refer the entire application of this parable to the final judgment. The drama of the narrative begins and ends in the Jerusalem temple (1:5-8; 24:52-53). ", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. As for these enemies of mine. This parable also concludes the section dealing with the recipients of salvation, stressing their responsibility ( Luke 18:9 to Luke 19:27). For Remarks on this section, see those at Matthew 25:14-30, at the close of that section. This journey is based on Mk 10:1–52 but Luke uses his Marcan source only in Lk 18:15–19:27. You can find the best commentary on Luke for you using the tools on the right side. "In Acts 3:13-15 the people of Jerusalem are accused not only of killing Jesus but also of denying him. Still the language of the king to the attending officers. 1 Corinthians 15:25.) Jesus is thereby acclaimed as king (see Lk 1:32) and as the one who comes (see Mal 3:1; Lk 7:19). Commentaries on Luke. He was going away and would return later to reign. Luke has inserted this title into the words of Ps 118:26 that heralded the arrival of the pilgrims coming to the holy city and to the temple. Many amillennial and postmillennial interpreters view this parable as prefiguring the fall of Jerusalem and its attending massacres. This concept is not popular in some circles today, but it is a biblical concept." The parable of the ten minas (pounds in the NRSV translation) is set in the workplace of high finance. The master now dealt with a different group of people. Both believers and unbelievers play a part in both parables. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Luke 19:28-40 EXEGESIS: LUKE 19:28 - 21:38. Luke 19:11-27. and is followed by Jesus heading to Jerusalem. resulted in severe executions and retributions. JESUS' MINISTRY IN JERUSALEM Jesus has been on the road to Jerusalem and death since 9:51. A Philosophical Commentary on These Words of the Gospel, Luke 14.23, "Compel The. The Parable of the Pounds not only emphasizes stewardship,  but it also discloses what may happen to those who refuse to comply with the ruler of their time. Having invited Himself to the home of a chief tax collector, Zacchaeus, Jesus spoke the Parable of the Minas (Luke 19:11-27) because the people "thought that the kingdom of God would appear immediately." Jerusalem is the geographical and hermeneutical center of Luke’s Gospel. 24:2). Biblical based teachings and messages to inspire Godly living. 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