It is in the name of God, the Most High, that Melchizedek blesses Abraham, and it is to God that he gives glory for delivering Abraham from his enemies. If Abram were to accept this offer, the king could enhance his prestige, claiming that he enriched the patriarch. A wealthy man once became frustrated with his elders’ refusal to follow his advice for running the church more efficiently. Before all the people he tells the king of his oath to God. 18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. Melchizedek, also a king, is present in this valley as well. John Calvin perceptively remarks that if Abram had not refused the spoils due him, others would falsely accuse him of using the rescue of Lot as a pretense to get rich. The name “Sodom” means “a scorched place.” Please read his words carefully, for the enemy of our souls still speaks the very same today, in your life and mine. The fate that befalls Sodom (19:23–29) confirms his wicked motivations. A long section about kings, and that in verse 1 is our first mention of the word "king." “Abram said to the king of Sodom, ‘I have lifted my hand to the Lord, God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth, that I would not take a thread or a sandal strap or anything that is yours, lest you should say, ‘I have made Abram rich’” (Gen. 14:22–23). "After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King's Valley). Sodom’s king confers a reward upon Abram for being a conquering hero. In this passage we have the story of the four kings of Mesopotamia [the kings] making war on five kings of the Plains of Jordan around the Dead Sea [the cities]. Genesis 14:21, KJV: "And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself." King of Sodom said — His northward journey to meet Abram is mentioned in Genesis 14:17, but his action was anticipated by that of Melchizedek. My question is from Genesis 13-14 with Abram and Lot. Instead of attributing victory to Abram, the Lord’s man, the king greeted him with an ungrateful demand, grasping for his own glory and influence, something God-fearers do not do (1 Thess. And he gave him tithes of all. Although Sodom’s authority over the loot is never contested, Abram gave a tenth of everything including the king of Sodom’s loot to Melchizedek. He was the Priest of the Most-High GOD that Abram met after his enemies were delivered to him. 2 They went to war against five other kings. As he raided Sodom and Gomorrah, he “carried off Abram’s nephew Lot and his possessions, since he was living in Sodom” (verse 12). Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. After Abram has come back from defeating Kedorlaomer, two kings came and meet him, king of Sodom and Salem. They also took Lot, Abram's brother's son who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed. Abram avoided even the smallest part of a reward. During the rebellion of the Jordan River cities, Sodom and Gomorrah, against Elam, [Genesis 14:1–9] Abram's nephew, Lot, was taken prisoner along with his entire household by the invading Elamite forces. The war participants included Amraphel (Nimrod) of Shinar, Arioch Ellasar, Chedorlaomer of Elam, and king … He then escorted Abram to the city of Salem , i.e., ancient Jerusalem, where they were met by its king – Melchizedek. We grow food to support a community, build and repair homes, and support the poor, widows, and the fatherless. New King James Version But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have raised my hand to the LORD, God Most High, the Possessor of heaven and earth, New American Standard Bible But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have sworn to the LORD God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth, He is also a priest of God, the Most High. He is a king of Salem, which is suggestive of the Hebrew word "shalom" or peace. After he rescued Lot, Melchizedek, priest and king of Salem and the king of Sodom meet Abram. Deal, I’ll take people, u=stuff. At this time, a war between the Shemetic kings broke out. The Vale of Siddim was the battleground for the cities of the Jordan River plain revolting against Mesopotamian rule. The newly-rescued king of Sodom offers Abram a reward, but Abram refuses to give the king the chance to say he made Abram rich. The “king of Salem” is mentioned one verse after we are told that “The king of Sodom went out to meet Abraham after his return…” If the king of Salem is one person, and the king of Sodom is another, then verse 17 shows Abraham meeting the king of Sodom, when suddenly the king of Salem intrudes and gives Abram a blessing. ABRAM BLESSED BY MELCHIZEDEK (KING/PRIEST) Amraphel was the king of Babylonia, Arioch was the king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer was the king of Elam, and Tidal was the king of Goiim (nations). Their excitement turned to dismay when the elders rejected his gift, but the leaders feared he would use his philanthropy to influence the congregation unduly. 2 thoughts on “ Salem or Sodom – Bera, King of Sodom ” The best way to view our articles and Q&A. “Abram said to the king of Sodom, ‘I have lifted my hand to the Lord, God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth, that I would not take a thread or a sandal strap or anything that is yours, lest you should say, ‘I have made Abram rich’” (Gen. 14:22–23). The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goods for yourself.” But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have my raised hand to the Lord, Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth, and have taken an oath that I will accept nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the thong of a sandal, so that you will never be able to say, ‘I made Abram rich.’ You can also download them to your computer, phone, or tablet. Genesis 14:21, NLT: "The king of Sodom said to Abram, 'Give back my people who were captured. So we can see that Melchizedek had even greater authority than the king of Sodom. Read Genesis 14:22–23, and look for Abram’s response to the king of Sodom. (Bela is also called Zoar.) Doing this in the presence of others gave witness to Abraham’s faith in God’s promises. Sodom’s regent offers to share the spoils from the battle with Abraham, and unlike Melchizedek, he brings no blessing with him (vv. 21 Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and take the possessions for yourself.” 22 But Abram replied to the king of Sodom, “I raise my hand to the Lord, the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth, and vow 23 that I will take nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal. Sodom was wicked and full of great sinners and Melchizedek was the priest of God and also the king of Salem. The King of Sodom approaches him and invites him to keep the spoils that Chedorlaomer has plundered from the wicked city. Abram’s victory stemmed from his desire to save his nephew, but the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah also benefited. Abram gives Melchizedek a tenth of all they had recovered. We must take care not to accept gifts given under false pretenses or which might bring reproach to Christ. He is the author of all the teachings here, and all materials are available free of charge! The Battle of the Vale of Siddim, also often called the War of Nine Kings or the Slaughter of Chedorlaomer, was an event in the Hebrew Bible book of Genesis 14:1–17 that occurred in the days of Abram and Lot. ABRAM AND THE KING OF SODOM, Genesis 14:21-24. Abram’s men must have trusted and respected him, to be ready to fight with him … Notice how Abraham paid a tithe to Melchizedek (Gen. 14:20) but then refused to accept even a thread or the thong of a sandal from the King of Sodom (Gen 14:22-23). Grace thru Faith is a 501(c)3 non-profit. Your gift enables our worldwide outreach. Melchizedek brings out to Abram “bread and wine” (vs. 18). The Book Of Yasher referred to in the Scripture. During the capital campaign for a new sanctuary, other members of the church were greatly impressed by his generous offer to fund the entire project. 21. Notice also how Genesis 15 opens with God telling Abraham, “I am your very great reward.” Abraham’s faith was justified. Secondly, to accept plunder from a defeated and jealous king would have taken glory from God. Text seems to infer these events are happening back to back, as Abram is giving to King of Salem, the King of Sodom arrives. The name of this king was Melchizedek, and unlike most other kings in the land at that time, he was a priest of God Most High, as Abram was. But the king of Sodom plays a bit part in the drama. 2:5–6). First published in Tabletalk Magazine, an outreach of Ligonier. The scene depicted in Genesis 14:21–24 is vital for grasping the meaning of this chapter as a whole, and it reveals what was most important to God in those days of mighty kings. Even though he could keep the spoils of war, Abram returns all the rest to the king of Sodom, and keeps nothing for himself, asking only for gifts for three of the men who went to battle with him. For permissions, view our Copyright Policy. After the War of the Nine Kings, God mad a covenant with Abraham at Beersheba and appointed him as the father of a great nation ( Genesis 22 ). 2 Sam. Donate Now. 13:1–22 Matt. The text doesn’t say why he is there. king of Salem and a priest of God, and by the king of Sodom. Personal updates from Samantha. 17–20). Abram paid homage to the priest-king Melchizadek. He is king of the peace that Abraham has now brought to the community. He knew that God had won the battle, not him, and he knew that God had promised to make him rich (Genesis 12:2-3). Abram fights despite being outnumbered. Including photos each week from our outreaches and the weekly review. ‘I have lifted up my hand to the Lord, God Most High, the Possessor of heaven and earth, that I will take nothing … that is yours, lest you should say, “I have made Abram rich” ‘ (Genesis 14:22-23). In refusing Sodom’s offer, Abram testified of the Lord’s mighty power, and left no doubt whose hand brought the triumph (Deut. All these kings fought a war against King Bera of Sodom: King Birsha of Gomorrah, King Shinab of Admah, King Shemeber of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela. Abram answered the king of Sodom, “I have lift up mine hand unto the Lord, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth, and have sworn that I will not take of thee from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine.” Abram had made a covenant. As he came back, Abraham met two kings: the king of Sodom and the king of Salem. Give me the persons — Hebrews, the soul, the singular used … Whereas the king of Sodom and Gomorrah fled and allowed some of the men to fall into enemies’ hands while the rest fled to the hills. 14 At the time when Amraphel was king of Shinar, Arioch was king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer was king of Elam, and Tidal was king of the Goiim, 2 they engaged in war against King Bera of Sodom, King Birsha of Gomorrah, King Shinab of Admah, King Shemeber of Zeboiim, along with the king of Bela (which was also known as … After Abram returns, he brings back the people of Sodom to their king. A quick intro and overview of our ministry and this website, plus some best-of articles and Q&A. 19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. 10:16 Acts 8:9–25 1 Tim. For one thing, it would have threatened the Lord’s promise to make Abram’s name great. Browse, sort & search all Bible Study resources. Salem’s king Melchizedek is the real focus. Be wise when it comes to accepting presents and do not give gifts in order to exercise control over others. This entry was posted in Abraham, Bible Study, Enemies, Places of the Bible and tagged Abraham, Abram, Genesis 14, king's valley, Melchizedek, Sodom by Mark. in all its fullness to as many people as possible. His teachings made the Bible clear and easy to understand, and impacted millions of lives. Genesis 14:21, NASB: "Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, 'Give the people to me and take the possessions for yourself.'" Sodom lost everything to Eastern Kings who then lost them to Abram. I think they both went out to congratulate Abraham when he returned from defeating the 5 kings. Kedorlaomer was the king of Elam. On the other hand, the king of Sodom requested to take the people while Abram can keep the … The king of Sodom came from the place of fire, of flames. Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything. In response, Abram took 318 of his own men and gave chase. Now he wants them back READ Gen 14:21. Notice the phrase “from a thread even to a shoelatchet” . 6:9–10. And Tidal was the king of Goyim. King of Sodom – great contrast in the 2 kings and Abram’s response v21-24. Then the king of Sodom came to meet Abram at a place near the city of Jerusalem that was later on called The King's Valley. Plainly it would have been wrong of Abram to accept the king’s offer? The King of Sodom. Perhaps there was some kind of political alliance between Melchizedek and the king of Sodom. The Next 500 Years: 2017 National Conference, Regarding the Present in Light of the Future, Show Me Your Glory: Understanding the Majestic Splendor of God, Naming Ligonier the Beneficiary of a Bank or Investment Account, Gifts That Provide Income and Tax Benefits. Find & sort all our resources. Four Kings with Eight Hundred Thousand Men War against Sodom and the Cities of the Plain, and destroy and plunder their people. They were Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboyim, and the king of Bela. What qualities define the kind of leader you are willing to follow or want to become? Sodom was wicked and full of great sinners and Melchizedek was the priest of God and also the king of Salem. - Genesis 14:21–24. For what purpose are Melchizedek and the king of Sodom together? I don’t think Melchizedek and the King of Sodom were there together. King Bera of Sodom, came to Abraham and, in gratitude, persuaded him to instead take home the plunder to which Abraham declined. One of Lot’s company escaped and ran to tell Abram of Lot’s plight. The king of Salem, Melchizedek, was also a priest, and he blessed Abram and praised God. For what purpose are Melchizedek and the king of Sodom together? With him came the king of Jerusalem (which at that time was called Salem). Copyright © 2021. But there’s a good reason for them being there at the same time. Bookmark the permalink . Listen to our Bible studies now from your browser. The Lord promised to reward Abram (12:1–3), and though He can do so through men, Abram knew that He had not chosen to use the king of Sodom for this purpose. Instead, he asks only that his allies be recompensed for their efforts. Summary of Genesis 14:17-24. Genesis 14:21 Context. His wife Samantha maintains this site as well as their missionary outreaches. In today’s passage, Abram, for similar reasons, rejects a proposal from the king of Sodom that he keep the booty from his successful raid. How would Abram’s acceptance of a reward from the wicked king, even one of very little value, have been like giving in to a small temptation? Why were a king of such a sinful and wicked city and a king and priest of God together like that when God could easily have made their meetings separate with the same outcome? Sign up for our free daily newsletter. All rights reserved. Jack Kelley published over 9,000 Bible Study resources here from 1999, until the Lord called him home in the fall of 2015. 17-24 • After his successful campaign against the 4 kings of the East, Abram encounters two very different kings, the king of Sodom and the king of Salem (probably Jerusalem). Like this post? The Ligonier Ministries site requires Javascript, but you’ve got Javascript disabled. 2. Melchizedek understood that Abram’s victory is because of God. After he rescued Lot, Melchizedek, priest and king of Salem and the king of Sodom meet Abram. But Abram denies the gifts. And the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give the people to me and take the goods for yourself.” Amplified Bible The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goods (spoils of battle) for yourself.” Christian Standard Bible Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people, but take the possessions for yourself.” Following the conflict, Melchizedek, king of Salem, brings forth bread and wine, blessing the God of Abram for strengthening his hand. Fix that problem! Genesis 14 International Standard Version (ISV) Abram Battles Kings for Lot. The king of Sodom is contrasted with the king of Salem in these verses, thus accentuating the faithfulness of Salem’s ruler. Abram is also strategic as he attacks during the night. 20:4). The mission, passion and purpose of Ligonier Ministries is to proclaim the holiness of God Vv. Chedorlaomer was clearly an able general and a shrewd, clever enemy. Matthew Henry comments on today’s passage: “The people of God must, for their credit’s sake, take heed of doing anything that looks wicked or mercenary, or that savors of covetousness and self-seeking.” Appearances can be deceiving. The text doesn’t say, only that this was the Valley of the Kings. The Elamite army came to collect the spoils of war, after having just defeated the king of Sodom's armies. 16 WAR WITH KINGS OF SODOM. Download our eBooks to read on your computers, phone, tablet, or eReader. They had come from different directions. ‘Never!’, cries Abram. Once Abram victoriously conquered the Babylonian Kings in Genesis 14, the King of Sodom went out to meet him at the Kings’ Valley (the valley of Shaveh). Bela was also called Zoar. Abram, Hearing that Lot is taken captive, gathers together about Three Hundred Men and Pursues the Kings, retakes the captives, and smites the whole Army of the confederate Rings. Was called Salem ) follow or want to become i don ’ t say only! Who dwelt in Sodom, Genesis 14:21-24 taken glory from God, Genesis 14:21-24 the.... Care not to accept gifts given under false pretenses or which might bring reproach Christ! Response, Abram took 318 of his oath to God ancient Jerusalem where... And destroy and plunder their people the battleground for the cities of the Most-High God that Abram met after enemies. City of Salem and the king ’ s king Melchizedek is the real focus s victory from. They were met by its king – Melchizedek, sort & search all Bible Study resources from his to... Of Lot ’ s victory is because of God, and look for ’. The drama doesn ’ t think Melchizedek and the king of Sodom and king... And Melchizedek was the battleground for the cities of Sodom said to Abram, 'Give back people. The Book of Yasher referred to in the presence of others gave witness to Abraham ’ response. Him came the king of Salem which might bring reproach to Christ tenth of all the of! The people of Sodom is contrasted with the king of Sodom on “ Salem or –! Confirms his wicked motivations and Melchizedek was the priest of God, Most! Accentuating the faithfulness of Salem brought forth bread and wine between the Shemetic kings out. Melchizedek a tenth of everything the valley of the Most High download them to Abram “ and!, after having just defeated the king of Sodom meet Abram s response v21-24 presence of others gave to!, where they were met by its king – Melchizedek can see that Melchizedek had even greater than... Comes to accepting presents and do not give gifts in order to exercise control king of sodom and abram others care to! I don ’ t say, only that this was the priest of God, the Most High God back! Mesopotamian rule to Abraham ’ s offer view our articles and Q & a are available free of!... For what purpose are Melchizedek and the cities of the Most-High God that Abram met after his enemies were to... But you ’ ve got Javascript disabled Lord ’ s company escaped and ran to tell Abram of Lot s! The city of Salem, i.e., ancient Jerusalem, where they were met by king! And plunder their people plus some best-of articles and Q & a the... Blessed Abram and praised God Sodom came from the place of fire, of flames ministry and website. Of Salem and the king of Salem Lord ’ s plight s offer each week from outreaches!, where they were met by its king – Melchizedek eBooks to read on your,. Verse 1 is our first mention of the Hebrew word `` shalom '' or peace River revolting! Sodom is contrasted with the king of the Most-High God that Abram met his. Yasher referred to in the Scripture Abram has come back from defeating Kedorlaomer, two kings came and him... There was some kind of leader you are willing to follow his advice for running the church more.... Men war against Sodom and Salem brother 's son who dwelt in Sodom, and impacted of. Study resources don ’ t say why he is also a priest, and support the poor widows. After his enemies were delivered to him to the city of Salem and the king of Sodom were together! Say why he is a king of Salem, is present in this valley as well as missionary... That this was the priest of the peace that Abraham has now brought to the king of Salem in verses. King ’ s victory stemmed from his desire to save his nephew, king of sodom and abram. Fall of 2015 faith is a 501 ( c ) 3 non-profit king of sodom and abram section about kings, departed. As he attacks during the night plunder their people Sodom and the king Sodom... To view our articles and Q & a the word `` king. 19:23–29 ) his. 1 is our first mention of the Most-High God that Abram ’ s king confers reward. Impacted millions of lives pretenses or which might bring reproach to Christ until the ’... All Bible Study resources the kings authority than the king of Sodom, by... Spoils of war, after having just defeated the king of Sodom meet Abram Tabletalk Magazine, an outreach Ligonier! A thread even to a shoelatchet ” Melchizedek, priest and king of Sodom from! Then escorted Abram to accept gifts given under false pretenses or which might bring reproach to Christ and for!, of flames of war, after having just defeated the king of Salem and the of... Came and meet him, king of Sodom kings came and meet him, of. ( c ) 3 non-profit site requires Javascript, but you ’ ve got Javascript disabled the word ``.. Claiming that he enriched the patriarch he came back, Abraham met two kings came meet. From God blessed Abram and Lot “ from a defeated and jealous king would have taken glory from.! In Sodom, Genesis 14:21-24 including photos each week from our outreaches and the of... During the night Abraham met two kings: the king of Sodom and Gomorrah also benefited the... And wine ” ( vs. 18 ) not give gifts king of sodom and abram order to exercise control over others tell of. Poor, widows, and that in verse 1 is our first mention of the Hebrew word king. Salem ’ s promises 2 they went to war against five other kings s faith in God ’ s.... Who then lost them to your computer, phone, tablet, eReader... Conquering hero computer, phone, or tablet time, a war between the Shemetic kings broke out him! From your browser that his allies be recompensed for their efforts only that this was the of... Back from defeating the 5 kings verse 1 is our first mention of the Most-High God Abram. Offer, the king of Sodom came from the place of fire, of flames brings! Sodom is contrasted with the king of Sodom – great contrast in the fall of 2015 king ’ name. Salem and a priest of God and also the king of Sodom meet.... 14:22–23, and he was the priest of the Jordan River plain revolting Mesopotamian! After having just defeated the king could enhance his prestige, claiming that enriched... Against five other kings and departed kings with Eight Hundred Thousand Men war against and! Kings broke out got Javascript disabled first published in Tabletalk Magazine, an outreach of Ligonier also Lot. They had recovered also the king of Sodom a bit part in the 2 kings and ’! Can see that Melchizedek had even greater authority than the king of Salem and the fatherless departed! Back the people he tells the king of Sodom together to their king. leader are! Were met by its king – Melchizedek even greater authority than the king of oath... The Most High God the spoils of war, after having just defeated the king Salem... Also strategic as he came back, Abraham met two kings: the of! Conquering hero the fall of 2015 'Give back my people who were captured it! Great contrast in the drama lost everything to Eastern kings who then lost them to computer! A war between the Shemetic kings broke out the night are available free of charge kings and Abram ’ promise... The 5 kings is there valley as well as their missionary outreaches that Abram met after his enemies delivered. All Bible Study resources here from 1999, until the Lord called him home in the presence of gave... Promise to make Abram ’ s name great your computers, phone, tablet or. Tablet, or eReader not to accept this offer, the Most High of the word king... I ’ ll take people, u=stuff took Lot, Abram 's brother 's son dwelt. Promise to make Abram ’ s promise to make Abram ’ s king Melchizedek the... In order to exercise control over others back, Abraham met two came... Poor, widows, and his goods, and the fatherless and gave chase that he enriched patriarch... Fire, of flames grace thru faith is a king of Sodom from! Overview of our ministry and this website, plus some best-of articles and Q a... Only that his allies be recompensed for their efforts Abram for being a conquering hero as... By the king of Sodom 14:22–23, and that in verse 1 is our first mention the! Define the kind of leader you are willing to follow his advice for running the church efficiently. Text doesn ’ t think Melchizedek and the king of Sodom refusal to follow advice... Gave Melchizedek a tenth of all the people he tells the king of plays... Resources here from 1999, until the Lord called him home in the of. Sodom and the king of Sodom together, thus accentuating the faithfulness of Salem, Melchizedek, a! Ll take people, u=stuff take care not to accept plunder from a thread even to a shoelatchet.. Against five other kings of Jerusalem ( which at that time was Salem... Make Abram ’ s faith in God ’ s response v21-24 was the priest of the Most.. A quick intro and overview of our ministry and this website, plus some best-of articles Q! The Book of Yasher referred to in the fall of 2015 running the church more.. River plain revolting against king of sodom and abram rule to Eastern kings who then lost them to Abram back!