The Guru said," The parents of these children are alive, but at the same time they shall have their own cultivation, eat the fruit of their toil, pay no tribute, and dependent on no one." Guru Hargobind Ji 19 June 1595 25 May 1606 28 February 1644 (aged 48) Guru Arjan Dev Ji Mata Ganga-- 7 Guru Har Rai Ji 16 January 1630 3 March 1644 6 October 1661 (aged 31) Baba Gurditta Mata Nihal -- 8 Guru Harkrishan The Emperor sent him poisoned robes which he wore but was not hurt. The Guru is, therefore, to return good for evil." AND The ‘Gurgadhi Divas’ (initiation ceremony of becoming the next Sikh Guru), of the ‘8th Sikh Guru’ - ‘Sri Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji’. It is said that he died because he contracted smallpox while successfully curing his followers. Having made his position secure on the throne of Delhi, Aurangzeb embarked on his religious crusade against the Hindus. When Guru ji was nine years old, he refuse Janeu, a secred thread worn by Hindus. He came personally to the Guru Sahib and requested for the medicine. He used Baba Farid’s quotation frequently: "All men’s hearts are jewels; to distress them is not at all good; If thou desire the Beloved, distress no one’s heart.". While Dara Shikoh was on his way to Lahore, the Guru happened to be in Goindwal. There was no consecrated space and the food was in every way impure. my Beloved Guru Nanak, The Great Jagat Guru, The Enlightener of the World, Thou assumed a luminous form of Guru Gobind Singh Ji as the Tenth Master. He pitched his camp near Kiratpur and wrote to his father for permission to visit him. Chaar Sahibzade The word "Sahibzada" means "son" in Punjabi and is a term commonly used to refer to the 4 sons of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. Guru Ji gave him the rare medicinne required for the treatment and also sent a pearl, which was to be ground into fine powder and taken with the medicine. THE GURU, HIS SON RAM RAI AND MUGHAL EMPEROR: The Emperor, Shah Jahan, kept his eldest son Dara Shikoh near him. He confessed that he had suffered for his sins and desired forgiveness. ‘Mitti Musalman ki peirei paee kumiar; Ghar bhandei itan kia, jaldi karei pukar.’. At the age of 5, he became the youngest Guru in Sikhism on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. Summoned by the new emperor to explain his relationship with Dārā Shikōh, Har Rai sent his son Ram Rai to represent him. Har Rai was eight years old when his father passed away. These regions provided good opportunities for the Sikh faith to sprout. The Sikhs of Delhi immediately sent an envoy to Kiratpur and informed the Guru of the pomp and honor with which Ram Rai had been received in Delhi, and detailed miracles he had exhibited. The Emperor searched for these articles everywhere in his empire but in vain. Guru Ji was delighted and granted them estates. One day as a child, while passing through a garden, his loose flowing robes damaged some flowers and scattered their petals on the ground. Dara’s life was saved with the medicine from the Guru. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Guru Har Rai died on October 6, 1661, and Har Krishan succeeded him as the Sikh Guru on October 7, 1661, becoming the youngest guru in Sikh history. 7,566 talking about this. At the very outset I beg Thy forgiveness as I At the very outset I beg Thy forgiveness as I venture to express … The woman, throbbing with joy, brought out some coarse bread which he partook on horseback, without washing his hands, and relished it very much. Once a man called Bhai Kala brought two of his nephews to the court of Guru Ji. The envoy then explained how he had made an alteration in a line of Guru Nanak in order to please the Emperor. He maintained the sizable order of standing troops that his grandfather had amassed but consistently sought peaceful relations with the reigning Muslim Mughal dynasty. However Guru Ji replied, That was merely a push of that moment, will of God at that time. In 1664, Guru Har Krishan’s health was badly affected by smallpox, which ultimately led to his death on March 30, 1664. The sheet did not give way and Ram Rai was miraculously preserved. Dhir Mal turned out disloyal and disobedient. Guru Har Gobind nominated Har Rai, younger brother of Dhir Mal, as his successor before he departed for the heavenly abode on March 3, 1644. After being arrested and imprisoned, Guru Gobind Rai's father, Guru Teg Bahadar, is beheaded by order of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Guru ji was 15 when he got married. Go whither your fancy leads you. (1630-1661, Guruship 1644-1661). Visit World Gurudwaras, SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. In one interview a sheet of cloth was spread over a deep well so that Ram Rai when asked to sit, would fall into the well. Historical records and the Sikh tradition are unclear whether Guru Arjan was executed by drowning or died during torture. The Guru had vowed not to see the Emperor. There he drove a bamboo shoot into the ground in memory of his visit; and it still survives as a stately tree. He confirmed," The Guruship is like a tigress’s milk which can only be contained in a golden cup. As a youth, Har Rai exhibited great remorse when the robe he wore snagged a rose bush and damaged its petals. On this account the food was very pure, and I partook of it. Guru Har Rai Ji also visited Lahore, Sialkot, Pathankot, Samba, Ramgarh and many places of Jammu and Kashmir region. What type of assistance Dara asked or the Guru gave to Dara, is a big question? The Guru feeling his end approaching thought of his successor and called for a meeting of his Sikhs. These three were known as the Phul ke Raje, or Phulkian chiefs. On the advice of his courtiers the Emperor found it necessary to humble himself before the Guru, and accordingly addressed him the following letter: "Your predecessor, the holy Baba Nanak granted sovereignty to Emperor Babar, the founder of my, dynasty; Guru Angad was exceedingly well disposed to his son, Emperor Humayun; and Guru Amar, Das removed many difficulties from my grandfather Akbar’s path. He refused, was tortured and executed in 1606 CE. In the matter of love for God, no rule is recognized. WAHEGURU Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. Guru Arjan was arrested under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and asked to convert to Islam. They both met. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He seated his younger son, Har Kishen who was only five years old, on Guru Nanak’s throne. This food which you have prepared with attention to ancient ceremonial is not pleasing to me." ‘The ashes of the Mohammadan fall into the potter’s clod; Vessels and bricks are fashioned from them; they cry out as they burn.’ (Translation of the above), What is the meaning of this?". Aurangzeb came to Agra and imprisoned his father and his brother Murad, and then proceeded to Delhi. If you give the myrobalan and the clove which are available in your, store, and add to them your prayers, you will confer an abiding favor on me.". Guru Har Rai was most magnanimous. His life was very short, only 31 years old. Bhai Aru, Sewa Das, Naik Das, Durga Chand and Suthra Shah were the important priests of the Guru’s times who did missionary work in Kashmir. At 10, he took cattle for gazing. So in order to please the Emperor, Ram Rai replied," Your Majesty, Guru Nanak wrote, ‘Mitti beiman ki’, that is the ashes of the faithless, not of the Musalmans, fall into the potter’s clod. This prophecy has been fulfilled and their descendants owned twenty-two villages called the Bahia. It is said that Ram Rai performed seventy miracles. The Guru replied,"Ram Rai, you have disobeyed my order and sinned. Only he who is ready to devote his life thereto is worthy of it. The arrival of Guru Har Krishan and even Guru … Guru Har Raihad an older brother; Dhir Mal. The Guru took some of the animals he had obtained from the chase, freed them and protected them in a zoological garden, which he had made for the recreation of his followers. He sent the necessary medicine which was administered to Dara Shikoh. For your information, once Guru Har Rai Sahib ji was returning from Malwa and Doaba area, Mohammad Yarbeg Khan attacked his convoy with a thousand armed soldiers. Guru Granth Sahib Ji Date of birth Guruship on Date of death Age at death Father Mother ... gurusikh.co is Provide sikh Religions history,since 1469 to 1750 Philosophy and Beliefs and all about information. This sight effected his tender heart and brought tears in his eyes. It is not known for certain which of Guru Har Rai's wives gave birth to Har Krishan, or his siblings, because of discrepancies in historic accounts. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Baba Attar Singh at Hazoor Sahib : Guru’s Sakhis, Ram Kaur Ji, Krishan Kaur ji, Ram Rai Ji & Harkrishan Sahib Ji, AGE, YEAR & TIME AT GUR GADHI, 03/08/1644, 17 Years and 6 Months. Aurangzeb soon appeared at the head of his own and Murad’s armies and ensued a determined battle. Address Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Dara himself fled from the battle field. He was the second son of Guru Har Rai Sahib and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). It is not what man eats that pleases God, it is man’s devotion that is acceptable to Him.". After seventy such miracles were shown, Aurangzeb was almost convinced of Ram Rai’s powers and became friendly to him. The Guru, having been convinced of the deterioration of Masand system, evolved Bakhshishs or missionary centers. On the advice of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind, he kept twenty-two hundred mounted soldiers. Shortly before his death, the Guru named his five-year-old son, Hari Krishen, as his successor instead of Ram Rai. Sri Guru Har Krishan Ji was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. At last some one told him that the required items were available in the Guru’s storehouse. Love and devotion of Guru Angad is responded and acknowledged by the Lord of Love, Guru Nanak, in a manner never witnessed by the world before.Spiritually He had already crowned Guru Angad as the Lord of the Universe, as his worthy successor but now He physically also reappears with His own luminous form and personality in the form of Guru Angad Dev Ji. He then blessed the woman and cut off the shackles of her transmigration. The boys were called Sandlu and Roopa. Immediately after defeating his brother, Aurangzeb summoned Guru Har Rai to Delhi to explain his role in the civil war. Dara, the elder son of Emperor Shah Jehan (r. 1627-1658 AD) fell ill. Inspite of the best efforts of Hakims, he could not be cured. Guru Har Rai closed his eyes and went to his heavenly abode on October 6, 1661. Guru Arjan had practically completed the organization of his followers on peaceful lines and under Guru Har Gobind, Sikhism had added into itself an army. Another center was established in the central districts of Punjab. Visit The Sikh Encyclopedia. Dara Shikoh dispatched Raja Jai Singh against Shujah Mohammad and sent Raja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur to Dakhan. Since Dara ecame governor of Punjab, there were healthy relations between the Emperor and the Guru. Dhir Mal tried to form another party in opposition to the Sikh tradition, but Guru Hargobind (Har Rai’s grandfather), put a swift stop to the opposition and cut Dhir Mal out of the Sikh tradition, turning instead to … Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. He had all the royal wealth, he had his generals and he had his army of thousand` and thousand of men. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Phul had six sons. Har Rai traveled in the Malwa area, where … GURU’S PREACHING TOURS: THE GURU, HIS SON RAM RAI AND MUGHAL EMPEROR: Kiratpur Sahib, Ropar, Shah Jahan & Aurangjeb. After Aurangzeb questioned him about a line of text in the Adi Granth (the Sikh scripture) that he had found disparaging to Muslims, Ram Rai attempted to appease the emperor by suggesting that the line had been improperly transcribed. Dara fled towards Lahore. One day during a ride, the Guru halted and knocked at the door of a poor woman and said,"Good lady, I am very hungry, bring me the bread you have prepared." World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term ‘gurdwara’ is from the words ‘Gur (ਗੁਰ)’ (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and ‘Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)’ (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning ‘the gateway through which the Guru could be reached’. He passed away that same evening. I will never see you again on account of your infidelity?". When Kala reached home and his wife heard Guru’s benediction, she put pressure on him to take his own sons to him, and teach them to strike their bellies in token of hunger. Famous Muslim saint Mian Mir was Dara’s priest from whom he had heard Guru’s praises. The emperor, whole heartily thanked and wanted to grant him some "Jagir", but Guru Sahib never accepted. Updates? Guru Har Gobind had five sons and one daughter. In 1701 (Bikrami) Guru Ji called his followers and passed on the Guruship to his grandson, Sri Har Rai Ji in their presence. Ram Rai thus did not alter the original verse but only changed the meaning of it. He had everything but he lacked a brave heart to fight in the battle-field. Guru Har Rai is notable for maintaining the large army of Sikh soldiers that the sixth Sikh Guru had amassed, yet avoiding military conflict. After Dara the enemies of the Guru got a chance to poison the mind of Aurangzeb that he had rendered assistance to Dara against him. It is said that Aurangzeb administered tiger’s whiskers in a dainty dish to Dara Shikoh who became dangerously ill as a consequence. Information reached the Royal Hakim that required medicine was available with Guru Har Rai. Next day the Sikhs prepared dainty dishes with great attention to cleanliness and offered them to the Guru at the same hour. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Both of them played on their stomachs like on drums. He tended to injuries of animals which he found wounded This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Har-Rai, Sikhs.org - The Seventh Master Guru Har Rai. When asked for the reason, Kala explained that he was hungry and wanted something to eat. When the Emperor was informed that the Guru had not come himself but sent his son, he thought that if his object in trying the Guru was not fulfilled by his son, he would send for the Guru himself. The third son, Aurangzeb was appointed governor of Dakhan and Murad Bakhsh received the province of Gujrat. Guru Har Gobind nominated Har Rai, younger brother of Dhir Mal, as his successor before he departed for the heavenly abode on March 3, 1644. AAP was born in Mata Nihal Kaur's Kukhon, Sish Mahal, Kirtpur, District Roop Nagar. His death occurred in kartarpur. Co-wives of Seventh Guru Har Rai Sulakhni ji, (Kishan/Krishan Kaur) Kot Kalyani (Sunita) 7 daughters of Daya Ram, Toki, Anokhi, Ladiki, Chand Kaur, Prem Kar, Ram Kaur, and Punjab Kaur. The Qazis’ asked Ram Rai," Ram Rai, your Guru Nanak has written against the Muslim religion. Guru Har Rai enjoined all his Sikhs to consider Har Kishen as his image, to put faith in him, and they would obtain salvation. From the eldest, Tilok Singh, the Rajas of Nabha and Jind were the descendants. Apart from laying emphasis on the free kitchen and religious congregation and faith in the Adi Granth, Guru Har Rai undertook extensive tours in Malwa and Doaba regions of the Punjab. Bhai families of Kaithal and Bagrian were made responsible for missionary work in the land between the Jamna and Satluj rivers. For this I was not to blame. Kala and Karm Chand, two brothers of Mahraj tribe, came to him to complain that the people of Kaura tribe did not allow them to live among them. The Guru was much distressed at the insult and remarked that no mortal could change the words of Guru Nanak and that ‘the mouth which had dared to do so should never be seen by me.’ The Guru decided that Ram Rai was not fit for Guruship. The faces of the faithless and not of the Musalmans, shall be blackened in both worlds." How can you aspire to become a holy man? Six centers were manned by Suthrashah, Sahiba, Sangata, Mihan Sahib, Bhagat Bhagwan, Bhagat Mal and Jeet Mal. When Kala and his own sons appeared before the Guru, he told him that he acted in obedience to his wife. ", After Ram Rai had resided in Delhi for some time, he decided to go to Kiratpur and try to convince his father to reverse his decision regarding him. Aurangzeb was very clever, cunning and ambitious, and aimed at succeeding to the throne. On one of the Guru’s tours, he stayed at Mukandpur in the present district of Jullundhur. Har Rai’s grandfather was Hargobind, the sixth Guru and a great military leader. He guided the Sikhs for about seventeen years, till his death at age 31. Aurangzeb succeeded in capturing Dara’s several nobles. From there he went to Malwa and visited the tank near Nathana where Guru Har Gobind had fought. He remained for some time at Nathana preaching to the people, and Kala and his friends frequently waited on him. Har Rai traveled in the Malwa area, where he converted the local Brar tribes to Sikhism. They were of the opinion that if a chebulic myrobalan weighing fourteen chitanks (14/16th of a pound) and a clove weighing one masha could be administered to the patient, he would be restored to health. In one place he has said. Age of 18, Guru ji … All the Mohammadan priests were pleased with this reply. Jai Singh defeated Shujah Mohammad but combined armies of Aurangzeb and Murad forced Jaswant Singh to retreat. The text has been corrupted by ignorant persons and Your Majesty’s religion and mine defamed. He was brought to Delhi and was executed. This post is about Guru Har Rai and his unique leadership of the Sikhs during the turbulence of the 17th century in India. He made many disciples. After India became independent in 1947, these states along with other hundreds of states in the county, were annexed by the Government of India. Be kind enough to explain the reason." Bhai Pheru was responsible for the area between the Beas and Ravi rivers. The eldest son was Baba Gurditta who had two sons, Dhir Mal and Har Rai. Har Rai, seventh Sikh Guru. Many writers give their own fanciful accounts of the assistance that the Guru gave to Dara. The Guru is hungry for love and not for dainty dishes. Dara Shikoh who was the heir-apparent, was very dear to his father. There is no end to their misery.” There is no end to their misery.” “Gobind Rai asked, "What is … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Guru Har Rai was the son of Baba Gurdita and Mata Nihal Kaur (also known as Mata Ananti Ji). Wives: ***Jito the daughter of Hari Jas of Lahore. Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib was the son of Guru Hargobind Sahib and son of Baba Gurdita Ji. Although the axe cuts the sandal-tree, yet the sandal perfumes the axe. Guru Har Rai learned the medicinal properties of herbs. While on his death bed, Guru Har Krishan was asked who would be his successor to which he simply uttered the words ‘Baba’ and ‘Bakala,’ which implied that the next Guru would be found in Bakala. The Emperor Shah Jahan had four sons, Dara Shikoh, Shuja Mohammad, Aurangzeb, and Murad Bakhsh. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan . He became the Sikh leader at age 14, on 3 March 1644, after the death of his grandfather and the sixth Sikh leader Guru Hargobind. The rare medicine needed for his ailment was nowhere available. He enlisted twenty thousand men in his army within days at Lahore. He fled from the field and ultimately was captured through a Pathan who betrayed him. The Emperor was shown the sight of Mecca while sitting in Delhi. Later their descendents formed the princely states of Patiala and Nabha. The Guru took compassion on him and said," He shall become great, famous and wealthy. It was the third day of March in year 1644. He was born in Punjab, Mughal Empire (now India). It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. Their ambition was not satisfied and each one of them was eagerly seeking to become Emperor, and for that purpose they amassed wealth and armies in their respective regions. One day as a child, while passing through a garden, his loose flowing robes damaged some flowers and scattered their petals on the ground. Then came the last question. In view of these circumstances Dara had great regard for him. The Guru tried to settle the matter amicably but when Kaura tribe refused to listen, he helped the Mahraj brothers to take forcible possession of a piece of land and settle there. FN-1: It is also said that Ram Rai told Aurangzeb that Guru Nanak did not mean the ashes of Musalman but he ctually meant that of the ‘beiman’, the faithless. He made his second son, Shujah Mohammad, the governor of Bengal. My son Dara Shikoh is now very, ill. His remedy is in your hands. Just before his death at age 31, Guru Har Rai passed the Gaddi of Nanak on to his younger son, the five-year-old – Guru Har Krishan. When he grew up, he carried the same spirit with him. The steeds of his escendants shall drink water as far as the Jamna river; they shall have sovereignty for many generations and be honored in proportion as they serve the Guru." Guru ji answered, "My beloved son, the emperor is forcing them to give up their religion, under threat of death. He had some influence in the court of Emperor Aurangzeb and was in communication with the Guru’s enemies. Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, before his departure for heavenly abode, nominated his grand son, Har Rai Ji at the tender age of 14, as his successor (Seventh Nanak), on 3rd March, 1644. Visit Search Gurbani, Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one’s immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge. Guru Har Rai was born 16th January 1630,to Baba Gurditta, and Mata Nihal Kaur. Sri Guru Ram Das Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗ ਰ ਰ ਮ ਦ ਸ) (Friday 9 October, 1534 - Saturday 16 September, 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism.Guru Ji was born in the year of 1534 in the city of Lahore to parents Bhai Hari Das ji and Mata Anup Devi Ji, with the birth name Jetha. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 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